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  • The Memba are a tribal population of 4000 is centered on Tuting and Geling, near the Siang river in the West Siang and Upper Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh in India not very far from the Tibetan border. They are a subgroup of the Tibetan people, and speak the Tshangla language and Khams Tibetan Language A sizeable population can be found in the nearby Yargab-Chu valley in Mechuka, where the population is around 4000 to 5000 and as well as Medog county in Tibet. The religious life of the Memba revolves around the Mechuka Gompa, similar to the Monpa of West Kameng and Tawang. Local genealogies suggested that they came from Eastern Bhutan and Tibet and settled in the region several centuries back. The Memba are agriculturalists and grow cash crops in the terraced fields, and crops like rice, maize, millet, potato, cereals and paddy. Boiled rice & millet flour is their staple diet. In every village, watermills are installed by making a fall of 15 to 20 feet, and the water is made to rush through the grooved wooden channels which below rotate the blade of the shaft which is attached to the grinder of the mill.