<p>The region now known as Esquimalt, British Columbia was settled by First Nations people approximately 400 years before the arrival of Europeans. The treaties of the Hudson's Bay Company, signed in 1843, refer to these people as the Kosampsom group, though they are now known as the Esquimalt Nation. The word Esquimalt is a transliteration of "Ess-whoy-malth," a phrase usually translated as "place of the shoaling waters."
The Nation spoke a North Straits Salish dialect called Lekwungen (which is also an alternate name for the Songhees).</p>