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  • The Ukuru class escort ships were a class of ships in the service of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. The Japanese called these ships Kaibōkan, "ocean defence ships", a name used to denote a multi-purpose vessel. The twenty-nine ships of the Ukuru class were a major part of Japan's escort force from the middle of World War II. They were denoted "Modified Type B" ships, and they were the fourth class of Kaibokan. The Ukurus, like the Mikura-class, were dedicated to the anti-aircraft and anti-submarine role. The Ukuru class was a further simplification of the Mikura design. The Ukurus were constructed using prefabricated sections that enabled them to be built in as little as four months. Despite being easy to build, they proved quite durable, with 11 occurrences of the class striking mines and only 3 sinking, one of which was after the war. Ikuna survived being torpedoed by the USS Crevalle and striking a mine as well. The Ukuru class was initially armed with 120 depth charges with 2 Type 94 depth charge projectors, sixteen Type 3 depth charge throwers and two depth charge chutes and would later receive an 8 cm trench mortar.

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