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  • Zia'eddin Tabatabaee was an Iranian politician, Mayor of Tehran and the Prime Minister of Iran from February to May 1921 under Ahmad Shah, the last Shah of the Qajar dynasty. Born in Shiraz, Tabatabaee came to power in a coup d'état with the help of Reza Khan Mirpanj, who later became the Shah of Persia, as Reza Shah Pahlavi. When Tabatabaee became prime minister, he was 33 years old. His career did have an early start however. In Shiraz, he first opened a newspaper called Banāy-i Islam, followed by the newspaper Ra'd at the age of 23. After Ra'd was shut down by the authorities, he then published another newspaper called Bargh, and became active in the Persian Constitutional Revolution. His political tendencies were decidedly pro-British however. So much so, that even after his political career was over in Iran and sent into exile in the Palestine, he was to be hired as a senior consultant by the government of Afghanistan with Britain's backing. Tehran's government vehemently objected to this move, leading Kabul to back down on the initiative.

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