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  • The Republic of Burundi held several elections in 2005. The polls returned the nation to constitutional democratic rule after a devastating civil war that arose from long-standing ethnic tensions between the Hutu majority and the Tutsi minority. Four of the polls were direct elections while two were indirect, as they were chosen by communal councillors and the parliament, respectively. See the list of political parties in Burundi for information about the parties. 28 February 2005 — Burundian constitutional referendum, 2005 3 June and 7 June 2005 — Burundian communal elections, 2005 4 July 2005 — Burundian legislative election, 2005 29 July 2005 — Burundian Senate election, 2005 19 August 2005 — Burundian presidential election, 2005 According to the new constitution, each "Hill" is to be managed by a council made up of five members who are elected by direct vote for a term of five years. During these elections, the candidates presented themselves only as independents. The sole candidate, Pierre Nkurunziza of the CNDD-FDD, was overwhelmingly endorsed as president by the parliament. Nkurunziza was sworn in on 26 August 2005.