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  • Makhdoom Muhammad Hashim Thattvi was an Islamic scholar, author, philanthropist, and spiritual leader who was considered a saint by his followers. He was the first ever Quranic exegesis writer in the Sindhi dialect. He also ran the office of the Chief Justice and stayed the Governor of Sindh and connected areas of Punjab in the Kalhora era. Makhdoom was also a feudal lord and tribe chieftain. He was the leading Islamic theologian and the Imam of the Grand Mosque at Thatta. He engaged himself in missionary duties and was famous among Sufis. He wrote Madah Nama Sindh, Dirham al-Surrat Fi Wada al-Yadayn Taht al-Surrah, Al-Baqiyat as-Salihat and other books. His religious dictums shaped Sindhi culture and Islamic tradition in Sindh. He was believed to be a leading expert authority on the Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. He belonged to the Naqshbandi order of Sufism, and followed the Hanafi school of thought. He has a large following throughout the Muslim world specially in Sindh and Thatta district in specific.

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