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  • Vincent Joseph Gaobakwe Matthews was a South African activist and politician. Matthews was the son of Z. K. Matthews, an early leader of the African National Congress. He was born on 17 June 1929 in the port city of Durban. Matthews completed his primary education at Lovedale Mission Station in the Eastern Cape while his father was a lecturer at the nearby University of Fort Hare. At the age of 15, he joined the African National Congress Youth League in 1944. Matthews matriculated in Johannesburg in 1947 and earned a BA from the University of Fort Hare in 1952 and a LLB from the University of London in the United Kingdom in 1956. Both he and his father were charged with treason in 1956 along with 154 other anti-apartheid activists, all of whom including the Matthews, were acquitted. He passed the advocates' admission exam in 1957 and became an attorney of the Supreme Court a year later. In 1960, he set up a practice in Durban before moving to neighboring Lesotho. While in exile due to apartheid policies in South Africa, Matthews became an assistant Attorney General of neighboring Botswana. From 1986 to 1991, Matthews lived in the Netherlands.

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