<p>The Iraqi–Kurdish conflict consists of a series of wars and rebellions by the Kurds against the central authority of Iraq, which began shortly after the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I. The conflict began with the attempt by Mahmud Barzanji to establish an independent Kingdom of Kurdistan and lasted until the U.S. invasion to Iraq in 2003, though tensions between the Kurdish autonomy and the central Iraqi government have continued.
The first chapter of the Kurdish-Iraqi dispute followed the end of the First World War and the arrival of the British forces. Mahmud Barzanji began seccession attempts in 1919 and in 1922 proclaimed the short-living Kingdom of Kurdistan. Though Mahmud's insurrections were defeated, another Kurdish sheikh - Ahmed Barzani began to actively oppose the central rule of the Mandatory Iraq during the 1920s. The first of the major Barzani revolt took place in 1931, after Barzani, one of the most prominent Kurdish leaders in Northern Iraq, succeeded in defeating a number of other Kurdish tribes. He ultimately failed and took refuge in Turkey. The next serious Kurdish seccession attempt was made by Ahmed Barzani's younger brother - Mustafa Barzani in</p>