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  • Researchers in Prof. William Dally's laboratory have designed a dragonfly topology that reduces the cost of high-radix networks by reducing the number of long, global cables. This organization uses a group of high-radix routers as a virtual router to increase the effective radix of the network and each minimally routed packet traverses at most one global channel. By reducing global channels, a dragonfly reduces cost by 20% compared to a flattened butterfly and by 52% compared to a folded Clos network in configurations with ges 16K nodes. In addition, the inventors used selective virtual-channel discrimination and credit round-trip latency to both sense and signal channel congestion. The combination of these two methods gives throughput and latency that approaches that of an ideal adaptive routing algorithm.Ongoing Research The inventors plan to continue their work to analyze and evaluate the topology and develop appropriate routing algorithms.

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